Following the revelation at Sinai, Hashem legislates a series of laws for the Jewish people. These include the laws of the indentured servant; the penalties for murder, kidnapping, assault and theft; civil laws pertaining to redress of damages, the granting of loans and the responsibilities of the “Four Guardians”; and the rules governing the conduct of justice by courts of law.
Also included are laws warning against mistreatment of foreigners; the observance of the seasonal festivals, and the agricultural gifts that are to be brought to the Beis Hamikdash; the prohibition against cooking meat with milk; and the mitzvah of davening. Altogether, the Parshah of Mishpatim contains 53 Mitzvos—23 imperative commandments and 30 prohibitions.
Hashem promises to bring the Jewish people to the Holy Land, and warns them against assuming the pagan ways of its current inhabitants.
The Jewish people proclaim, “We will do and we will hear all that Hashem commands us.” Leaving Aaron and Chur in charge in the Israelite camp, Moshe ascends Har Sinai and remains there for forty days and forty nights to receive the Torah from Hashem.